Monday, December 28, 2009

Jinnah, Father of the Nation

Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was Born on December 25, 1876, in a prominent mercantile family in Karachi. He received his early education at the Sindh Madrassat-ul-Islam, a renowned Islamic School and the Christian Mission School at his birth place. Jinnah went to London to join the Lincoln's Inn in 1893 to become the youngest Indian Barrister.

Jinnah being a good Muslim had the habit of reading history of Islamic rulers. Moreover he used to take guidance by Quran Recitation about setting up a pure Islamic society based on Islamic rules. Young Jinnah rose to prominence and became Bombay's most successful lawyer within a few years. Jinnah formally entered politics in 1905 from the platform of the Indian National Congress and at the Calcutta Congress session in December 1906, he also made his first political speech in support of the resolution on self-government. Mr. Montagu who was Secretary of State for India, once said "Jinnah is a very clever man, and such a man should have no chance of running the affairs of his own country”

For about three decades since his entry into politics in 1906, Jinnah passionately believed in Hindu-Muslim unity and he was responsible for the Congress-League Pact of 1916, known popularly as Lucknow Pact- the only pact ever signed between the two political organisations, the Congress and the All-India Muslim League, representing the two major communities in the subcontinent

Nehru Report in 1928 which represented the Congress-sponsored proposals for the future constitution of India, negated the minimum Muslim demands disappointed Jinnah and prompted him to migrate and settle down in London in the early thirties

He however returned to India in 1934, at the pleadings of few muslim leaders to organize muslim league and devoted himself for the purpose of organizing the Muslims on one platform. Under Jinnah's dynamic leadership, Muslim League was transformed into a mass organization, and made the spokesman of Indian Muslims as never before.

As a result of Jinnah's ceaseless efforts, the Muslims awakened from unreflective silence. The formulation of the Muslim demand for Pakistan in 1940 had a tremendous impact on the nature and course of Indian politics that lead to the the establishment of Pakistan in 14th of August 1947

Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was nominated by the Muslim League as the Governor-General of Pakistan. Jinnah told the nation in his last message on 14 August, 1948: "The foundations of your State have been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly and as well as you can"

In accomplishing the task he had taken upon himself on the morrow of Pakistan's birth, Jinnah had worked himself to death, but he had, to quote richard Symons, "contributed more than any other man to Pakistan's survivial". He died on 11 September, 1948. How true was Lord Lawrence, the former Secretary of State for India, when he said, "Gandhi died by the hands of an assassin; Jinnah died by his devotion to Pakistan"

Jinnah, fought for the inherent rights of his people all through his life which is a true guiding path for all Pakistanis.